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:: Volume 19, Issue 6 (3-2018) ::
2018, 19(6): 410-418 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation Effect of Silybum Marianum, Cynara Scolymus L. and Ziziphus jujube Mill. Combination Extract on Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver in Rats
Mojgan Mohammadifar Mrs, Mohammad Behnam Mr, Sayyed Alireza Talaei Dr, Tahereh Khamechian Dr, Medi Mehran Dr, Mohsen Taghizadeh Dr
Associate Professor Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases Research Center , taghizadeh_m@kaums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (587 Views)
Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease includes a spectrum of clinical syndromes from early steatosis to liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of combined extract of silymarin, artichoke and jujube on non-alcoholic fatty liver, induced by high-fat diet in rats. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 40 male rats were divided randomly into two groups, a sham group (n=8) and a high-fat diet group (n=32). After 4 months of being fed the high-fat diet, rats suffering from fatty liver were divided into 4 groups (n=8 each) including a high-fat diet group and the three groups receiving a dose of the combined extract 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg for 2 months. Finally, lipid profiles, activity of serum liver enzymes and liver histology were investigated. Results: The high-fat diet increased Chol, TG and LDL and decreased HDL levels (P<0.001). This diet also increased serum activity of ALT, AST and ALP to 84, 113 and 228 %, respectively. Receiving extract at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg improved lipid profiles and hepatic enzyme activity (P<0.05). Histopathology confirmed changes in liver induced by the high fat diet and the protective effect of the extract. Conclusion: High-fat diet induced nonalcoholic fatty liver in rats and treatment with combined extracts of silymarin, artichoke and jujube improved the complications of the disease.
Keywords: Silybum Marianum, Cynara scolymus, Ziziphus jujube, Non-alcoholic fatty liver, High-fat diet
Full-Text [PDF 789 kb]   (136 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2017/07/23 | Accepted: 2017/12/23 | Published: 2018/03/14
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mohammadifar M, Behnam M, Talaei S A, Khamechian T, Mehran M, Taghizadeh M. Evaluation Effect of Silybum Marianum, Cynara Scolymus L. and Ziziphus jujube Mill. Combination Extract on Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver in Rats. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2018; 19 (6) :410-418
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2283-en.html


Volume 19, Issue 6 (3-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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