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:: Volume 14, Issue 5 (1-2013) ::
2013, 14(5): 430-436 Back to browse issues page
Comparing the Effects of Cow´S Milk, and Calcium Supplementation on Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Overweight or Obese Women
Shiva Faghih, Mehdi Hedayati, Alireza Abadi, Masoud Kimiagar
Department of clinical nutrition, Faculty of nutrition sciences and food technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. , mskimiagar@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (13175 Views)
Introduction: It is suggested that high calcium diets can improve lipid profiles, blood pressure and insulin resistance. This study investigated the effects of low fat dairy or calcium supplement consumption on the components of metabolic syndrome. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 75 healthy overweight or obese premenopausal women were randomly allocated to one of the following dietary regimen for 8 weeks: 1) a control diet 2) a calcium- supplemented diet containing 800mg/d calcium carbonate and 3) a high milk diet containing three servings of low fat milk. All regimens provided a 500kcal/day deficit. At baseline and after 8 weeks, waist circumference (WC) blood pressure, serum triglycerides (TG), fasting blood glucose (FBS) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) were measured. Results: After 8 weeks WC, FBS and HDL decreased in all groups (p0.001), but there were no significant reduction in TG and blood pressure. Reduction of WC in the milk group was significantly higher than the controls (p=0.028). Also reduction of HDL in Ca and milk groups was less than the controls (p=0.023 and p=0.019 respectively). Conclusion: In conclusion we found that calcium or milk consumption affected WC and HDL, but not the other components of metabolic syndrome. Increasing Ca intake hence can reduce some metabolic syndrome complications.
Keywords: Calcium, Milk, Metabolic syndrome
Full-Text [PDF 269 kb]   (2577 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2012/05/20 | Accepted: 2012/07/24 | Published: 2013/01/15
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Faghih S, Hedayati M, Abadi A, Kimiagar M. Comparing the Effects of Cow´S Milk, and Calcium Supplementation on Components of the Metabolic Syndrome in Overweight or Obese Women. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2013; 14 (5) :430-436
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1382-en.html

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Volume 14, Issue 5 (1-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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