[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Contact ::
:: Volume 17, Number 3 (9-2015) ::
2015, 17(3): 190-198 Back to browse issues page
Association between Hydrogenated and Non-hydrogenated Vegetable Oils and Metabolic Syndrome Among Tehranian adults: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
Somayeh Hosseinpour-Niazi, dr Parvin mirmiran *, Kobra Nakhoda, hossein farhadnejad, dr Fereidoun Azizi
Ph.D Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2815 Views)

Introduction: In recent years, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in various countries shows a fast, rising trend, that can be caused by lifestyle changes, including changes in diet. Despite the possible association between dietary fats and the MetS receiving attention, limited studies have determined the association between oils (hydrogenated and non-hydrogenated) and the MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between hydrogenated and non-hydrogenated vegetable oils and the metabolic syndrome among Tehranian adults. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted within the framework of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study between 2005 and 2008, on 2457 adults, aged 19-84 years. Intakes of vegetable oils were assessed using a validated semi quantitative food-frequency questionnaire. Anthropometrics, blood pressure, and biochemical measurements were assessed. The metabolic syndrome based on the definition of the Iranian National Committee of Obesity. Results: Mean age and BMI of participants was 39.3 years and 25.7 kg/m2, respectively. Median daily intakes of hydrogenated vegetable oils (HVOs) were 9.6 g/d and those of non-hydrogenated vegetable oils (NHVOs) were 6.0 g/d. Higher intakes of HVOs and NHVOs were associated with higher intakes of total energy intake, total fat, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, fiber, vegetables, legumes, meat, poultry and fish and lower intake of carbohydrates. After controlling for potential confounders, compared to the lowest tertile of HVOs, odds ratio for metabolic syndrome in the highest tertile was 2.54 (95% CI: 1.53-4.23). NHVOs were not associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: HVOs intake was found to be positively associated with metabolic syndrome among Tehranian adults.

Keywords: Hydrogenated vegetable oils, Metabolic syndrome, Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
Full-Text [PDF 325 kb]   (592 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2015/05/20 | Accepted: 2015/07/7 | Published: 2015/09/16
Add your comments about this article
Your username or email:

Write the security code in the box >



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hosseinpour-Niazi S, mirmiran P, Nakhoda K, farhadnejad H, Azizi F. Association between Hydrogenated and Non-hydrogenated Vegetable Oils and Metabolic Syndrome Among Tehranian adults: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2015; 17 (3) :190-198
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1940-en.html
Volume 17, Number 3 (9-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.048 seconds with 803 queries by yektaweb 3461