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:: Volume 19, Issue 4 (12-2017) ::
2017, 19(4): 252-260 Back to browse issues page
Predicting Factors Associated with Healthy Eating Nutritional Behavior at Primary School Students in Tehran: an Application of the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA)
ELAHE ALINAGHIZADEH, Maryam Javadi Dr, Amir Pakpour haji agha Dr , Mohammad ali Soleimani Dr, Azadeh Lesani
, apakpour@qums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1754 Views)

Introduction: This study was aimed to determine the relationship of variables of psycho-social behaviors in mothers with healthy nutritional eating behavior in primary school students of district 5 in Tehran. Materials and Methods: For this a cross- sectional study, samples were selected by the cluster sampling approach. In total, 200 students were selected from non-government schools in district 5 of Tehran. Data were collected using standardized questionnaires, including the Youth/Adolescent Questionnaire (YAQ), the food frequency questionnaire, the socio-demographic questionnaire, and the Health Action Process Approach questionnaire. Data was analyzed using LISREL 8.8. Results: In the motivational phase, risk perception (P<0.05, β=-0.40), outcome expectation (P<0.05, β=0.34) and task self-efficacy (P<0.05, β=0.23) were significantly associated with nutritional intention behavior. Moreover, action planning was significantly associated with coping planning (P<0.001, β=0.27), two factors accounting for 59% of variance coping planning for diagnostic validation. In the voluntary phase, action planning (P<0.001, β=0.32), coping planning (P<0.001, β=0.27) and proactive improvement (P<0.001, β=0.31) were positively related to healthy nutritional behavior, which explained 79% of the variance. Conclusion: A strong correlation between psychological - social behavior variables in healthy nutritional behaviors of mothers and students’ showed that mothers play a vital role in promoting children's nutritional behaviors. Students training programs should involve mothers in all educational nutrition interventions. 
 

Keywords: Student, Healthy diet, Behavior, Mothers
Full-Text [PDF 418 kb]   (479 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2017/01/7 | Accepted: 2017/08/19 | Published: 2017/12/9
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ALINAGHIZADEH E, Javadi M, Pakpour haji agha A, Soleimani M A, Lesani A. Predicting Factors Associated with Healthy Eating Nutritional Behavior at Primary School Students in Tehran: an Application of the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA). Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2017; 19 (4) :252-260
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2176-en.html


Volume 19, Issue 4 (12-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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