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:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (8-2013) ::
2013, 15(2): 158-165 Back to browse issues page
Association between Nutrition and Likelihood of Myopia among Children in Eslamshahr
Rana Rafat, Mahboubeh Shaneshin, Aahmad Reza Dorosti
Department of Biochemistry and nutrition, Faculty of Health, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran , dorostim@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (9099 Views)

Introduction: A number of papers have reported an association between diet and myopia. This study compared the nutritional intake and some simple body measurements in a group of children who were myopic to those of a group, who were not myopic. Materials and Methods: The nutritional data for 169 subjects who developed myopia between the ages of 7 and 9 years were compared with data for 180 subjects who were not myopic. Dietary intake was assessed by a semi-quantitative 67-item food frequency questionnaire. T-test was used for data analysis. Results: Weight, height and BMI were 31.6±8.1 (mean±SD), 132.3±7.5 and 17.8±3.2, respectively of the myopic children 54 (54%), and of the controls, 45(45.5%) were overweight. Children who developed myopia had a generally higher intake of many of the food components than children who were not myopic. Differences were statistically significant for energy intake, protein, fat, and carbohydrate (p<0.05). Myopic children consumed more sugar, fruit, rice, pasta, egg, dry fruit and snackes than did the subjects who were not myopic (p<0.05). Conclusions: Children with myopia were more obese than the control group and consumed high carbohydrate foods such as pasta, sugar and dry fruits.

Keywords: Myopic, Food group, Food frequenc questionnaire, Children
Full-Text [PDF 293 kb]   (1539 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2012/09/7 | Accepted: 2013/07/29 | Published: 2013/07/29
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rafat R, shaneshin M, dorosti A R. Association between Nutrition and Likelihood of Myopia among Children in Eslamshahr. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2013; 15 (2) :158-165
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1431-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 2 (8-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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