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:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (8-2013) ::
2013, 15(2): 158-165 Back to browse issues page
Association between Nutrition and Likelihood of Myopia among Children in Eslamshahr
Rana Rafat , Mahboubeh Shaneshin , Aahmad Reza Dorosti
Department of Biochemistry and nutrition, Faculty of Health, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran , dorostim@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7668 Views)

Introduction: A number of papers have reported an association between diet and myopia. This study compared the nutritional intake and some simple body measurements in a group of children who were myopic to those of a group, who were not myopic. Materials and Methods: The nutritional data for 169 subjects who developed myopia between the ages of 7 and 9 years were compared with data for 180 subjects who were not myopic. Dietary intake was assessed by a semi-quantitative 67-item food frequency questionnaire. T-test was used for data analysis. Results: Weight, height and BMI were 31.6±8.1 (mean±SD), 132.3±7.5 and 17.8±3.2, respectively of the myopic children 54 (54%), and of the controls, 45(45.5%) were overweight. Children who developed myopia had a generally higher intake of many of the food components than children who were not myopic. Differences were statistically significant for energy intake, protein, fat, and carbohydrate (p<0.05). Myopic children consumed more sugar, fruit, rice, pasta, egg, dry fruit and snackes than did the subjects who were not myopic (p<0.05). Conclusions: Children with myopia were more obese than the control group and consumed high carbohydrate foods such as pasta, sugar and dry fruits.

Keywords: Myopic, Food group, Food frequenc questionnaire, Children
Full-Text [PDF 293 kb]   (1105 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2012/09/7 | Accepted: 2013/07/29 | Published: 2013/07/29
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rafat R, shaneshin M, dorosti A R. Association between Nutrition and Likelihood of Myopia among Children in Eslamshahr. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2013; 15 (2) :158-165
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1431-en.html


Volume 15, Issue 2 (8-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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