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:: Volume 12, Issue 4 (11-2010) ::
2010, 12(4): 365-375 Back to browse issues page
Nutritional Supplement Use among Adults in Different Areas of West Tehran
Shahandokht Najmabadi , Marzieh Nojomi Dr.
, najmabad@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (29147 Views)
Introduction: This study investigated the effects of frequent and current use of nutritional supplements in different sub-groups. Materials and Methods: Using a cross sectional descriptive study design, data was collected by nutrition experts, using a questionnaire, and a multistage sampling method. 1004 adults aged 18< years old, referring to 10 medical health centers in 7 areas of west in Tehran, were enrolled to participate in the study. Results: Among 1004 adults (690 female and 314 male) 81.2% were free of any chronic disease, 42% had been using nutritional supplements in last 12 months, including multivitamin, mineral supplement or a combination of these. Nutrition supplement intake was more frequent in women (88.7%), than in men (11.3%) (significant difference). There were significant differences between age groups, adults ≤30 years old and women being more frequent users. Of subjects, 38% took multivitamin or combined vitamins and minerals, 30.1% used Ca+D, supplemental Fe 27.1% Fe or a combination, and 4.9% used Omega-3 fatty acids or other fish oil supplements. There were significant differences between the physiological status in women supplement users 67.7% were pregnant or nursing mothers. Adults aged ≤30 years comprised most supplement users. Nutritional supplements in 75.5% were prescribed by physicians or dietitians. Conclusion: Use of nutritional supplements is more common among women and pregnant or nursing mothers. Most frequent supplements used were multivitamins or vita/minerals.
Keywords: Nutritional supplement use, Adults, Kinds and varieties
Full-Text [PDF 336 kb]   (1750 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2009/11/3
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Najmabadi S, Nojomi M. Nutritional Supplement Use among Adults in Different Areas of West Tehran. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2010; 12 (4) :365-375
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-822-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 4 (11-2010) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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