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:: Editorial Board
:: About Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
:: Volume 24, Issue 3 (9-2022) ::
2022, 24(3): 196-207 Back to browse issues page
Explanation of Factors Affecting Self-care and Diabetes Management During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study
S Jalali-Farahani , F Mahani , R Panahi , F Azizi , P Amiri
Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , parisaamiri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (552 Views)
Introduction: Adopting diabetes self-care behaviors to control blood glucose is essential, but adherence to them has been challenged due to restrictions related to Covid-19. These restrictions have negatively impacted the psychosocial condition of individuals with diabetes, which could lead to poor self-care. Accordingly, this study aimed to explore the experiences of individuals with type 2 diabetes regarding self-care behaviors and diabetes management during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis, the data of which were collected through interviews with people over 18 years of age with type 2 diabetes who were selected from the Endocrinology Clinic of Erfan Hospital in Tehran. Using telephone and WhatsApp, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 participants (15 women). Content analysis was done using the constant comparative method, and the open and axial coding method was applied. The data were manually coded, and the main themes and categories emerged from data. Results: Two main themes emerged from the data: 1) challenges and limitations toward diabetes self-care and 2) facilitators of efficient self-care. Challenges and limitations included 4 sub-themes: Inevitable lifestyle changes, psychosocial problems, limited/lack of access to health care services and medication, and adverse physical effects. Facilitators had 2 sub-themes: improved individual capability and maintaining social interaction. Conclusions: Our findings indicated that inevitable lifestyle changes, limited access to health care, and adverse psychosocial consequences were the most critical challenges for diabetes management during the COVID-19 pandemic. Improving stress management skills and effective coping strategies can facilitate the adoption of self-care behaviors.

Keywords: COVID-19, Diabetes management, Qualitative study, Self-care behaviors, Type 2 diabetes
Full-Text [PDF 965 kb]   (262 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2022/11/29 | Accepted: 2023/01/21 | Published: 2022/09/1
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Jalali-Farahani S, Mahani F, Panahi R, Azizi F, Amiri P. Explanation of Factors Affecting Self-care and Diabetes Management During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2022; 24 (3) :196-207
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-3041-en.html

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 24, Issue 3 (9-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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