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:: Volume 17, Issue 1 (6-2015) ::
2015, 17(1): 33-43 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between Dietary Pattern and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Women with PCOS
Behnaz Ehsani, Nazanin Moslehi, Fahime Ramezani Tehrani, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidun Azizi
Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , parvin.mirmiran@gmail.com
Abstract:   (8568 Views)

Introduction: To identify a dietary pattern predictive of visceral adiposity index (VAI), using reduced rank regression, and to examine its associations with cardiometabolic risks in the PCOS women. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 53 PCOS women and 167 age-matched healthy women from the population of Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Dietary intakes were collected using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The associations of dietary pattern with cardiometabolic risks were investigated by Pearson's correlation and linear regression. Results: In this study, a positively correlated VAI dietary pattern, characterized by high consumption of fried vegetables, vegetable oils (except for olive oil), fast foods and low cons­umption of dairy, and cruciferous vegetables was identified. The dietary pattern was correlated with triglycerides (rcontrols=0.32, rPCOS=0.41), triglycerides/HDL-C ratio (rcontrols=0.35, rPCOS=0.44) and HDL-C (rcontrols=-0.22, rPCOS=-0.26) in both groups. The pattern was also positively correlated with waist circumference, total cholesterol (TC), LDL-C and systolic blood pressure in the controls. After adjustment for age and BMI, dietary pattern was associated with triglycerides (βcontrol=0.22, p=0.003 βPCOS=0.48, P=0.001) and triglycerides/HDL-C ratio (βcontrol= 0.23, P=0.002 βPCOS= 0.52, P=0.001) in both groups. The dietary pattern was inversely associated with HDL-C in both groups, but the association was attenuated by adjusting for age and BMI in the PCOS group. Conclusion: High adherence to the dietary pattern was associated with cardiometabolic risks in controls and to a lesser degree in the PCOS group.  

Keywords: Polycystic ovary syndrome, Dietary pattern, Visceral adiposity index, Cardiometabolic variable
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2015/01/12 | Accepted: 2015/03/18 | Published: 2015/05/26
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Ehsani B, Moslehi N, Ramezani Tehrani F, Mirmiran P, Azizi F. Relationship between Dietary Pattern and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Women with PCOS. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2015; 17 (1) :33-43
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1875-en.html

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Volume 17, Issue 1 (6-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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