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:: Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2002) ::
2002, 4(1): 23-27 Back to browse issues page
The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in young women
B Larijani , F Azizi, MH Bastanhagh, M Pajouhi, A Hoseinnezadeh
, emrc@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (27478 Views)
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, first diagnosed during pregnancy. This study aims to determine the prevalence of GDM in young pregnant women. Materials and Methods: Two thousand one hundred pregnant women referred to five university hospital clinics, 1043 under 25 years old. Previously known diabetic patients were excluded from the study. Universal screening was performed with a 50 gram 1-hour glucose challenge test (GCT). Those with plasma glucose levels ≥ 130 mg/dL underwent a 100 gram 3-hour glucose tolerance test to diagnose GDM according to Carpenter and Coustan criteria. Family and obstetric histories were taken followed by a complete physical examination. Results: Among the 1209 young pregnant women (mean age±SD 20.97± 2.1, years), 27 (2.23%) were detected to have GDM (mean age ±SD 21.11±1.85 years). Of the GDM patients, 14.81% were obese, 22.22% had glycosuria. Among GDM patients, 16 (59.25%) did not have any recognized risk factors. Conclusion: High prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in young Iranian pregnant women may suggest revision of the appropriateness of criteria for GDM screening.
Keywords: Gestational diabetes mellitus, Glucose challenge test, Risk factors, Young women.
Full-Text [PDF 232 kb]   (3399 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2006/11/21
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Larijani B, Azizi F, Bastanhagh M, Pajouhi M, Hoseinnezadeh A. The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in young women. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2002; 4 (1) :23-27
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-175-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 1 (3-2002) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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