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:: Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2013) ::
2013, 15(4): 370-377 Back to browse issues page
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and their Relation with Physical Fitness among Tehranian Children of Preschool Age
Hamid Agha-Alinejad Dr , Babak Farzad , Mansoureh Salari , Somaieh Kamjoo , Maghsoud Piri Dr, Mahdi Bayati
Tarbiat Modares University , halinejad@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5493 Views)

Introduction: Overweight and obesity are important public health problems in preschoolers because most eating and physical activity habits are established during childhood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Tehranian preschoolers using different standard criteria and to determine their relation with physical fitness. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 381 preschoolers, aged 5 to 6 years. Anthropometric, health-related and motor fitness tests were assessed in all children. Results: Based on IOTF reference, 7.36% (CI: 0.037–0.111) and 4.73% (CI: 0.017–0.078) of boys and 11.51% (CI: 0.070–0.160) and 10.99%(CI: 0.066–0.154) of girls were overweight and obese, respectively. Significant correlations were found between 20m sprint test, predicted VO2max and most of the anthropometric indices in boys and between modified sit-ups, predicted VO2max and most of the anthropometric indices in girls. Conclusions: These findings emphasize the relatively high prevalence of overweight and obesity in both sexes and show that overweight and obesity were limiting factors for fitness performance levels. Overweight and obesity were indicative of poor physical fitness in both genders. Overweight and obese children, compared to their underweight and normal-weight counterparts, demonstrate inferior performance in most motor and health-related fitness parameters.

Keywords: Anthropometry, Obesity, Physical Fitness, Preschoolers, Tehran
Full-Text [PDF 317 kb]   (2410 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Exercise
Received: 2013/02/20 | Accepted: 2013/06/9 | Published: 2013/12/15
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Agha-Alinejad H, Farzad B, Salari M, Kamjoo S, Piri M, Bayati M. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity and their Relation with Physical Fitness among Tehranian Children of Preschool Age. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2013; 15 (4) :370-377
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1519-en.html


Volume 15, Issue 4 (12-2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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