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:: Volume 13, Issue 6 (9-2011) ::
2011, 13(6): 697-704 Back to browse issues page
The Level of Physical Activity, Calcium Intake, Calcium Sources and Anthropometrical Variables in Young College Females
Elham Fayaz , Hamid Mohebbi, Arsalan Damirchi
, elham_msc@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10546 Views)
Introduction: The purpose of this research was to determine level of physical activity, calcium intake, calcium sources and anthropometrical variables in young college females. According to the information obtained using a physical activity questionnaire, the subjects were divided to 3 groups (active, hypoactive, inactive). Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study 160 young females (aged 20/51±1/4 yrs mean + SD) participated. Levels of physical activity and calcium intake were determined by a questionnaire and body composition was determined using the Bioelectrical ImPedance (BIA) method. Results: Results indicated that only 22/5% of subjects were active and that calcium intake of female students was less than the recommended daily allowance (RDA). There was a significant association between physical activity and all anthropometrical variables except for BMI. There was also a significant relationship between calcium intake and with lean body mass (P=0/024, r= 0/17), calcium from dairy sources with lean body mass (P=0/022, r= 0/18) and calcium from cereal sources with body fat percent (P=0/026, r= -0/17). There was significant difference in lean body mass, body fat percentage and fat distribution in the groups regarding levels of physical activity (P<0/05). Lean body mass in the active group was significantly higher than in the active group but fat percentage and fat distribution was less than the hypoactive and inactive groups (P<0/05). Conclusion: The results of this study indicate although the active group compared to the hypoactive and inactive groups had good physiological, anthropometrical and nutritional status, it unfortunately constitutes a low percentage of individuals and hence the level of physical activity, nutritional patterns and lifestyles of female students should be monitored.
Keywords: Physical activity, Calcium, Nutrition, AnthroPometrical variables
Full-Text [PDF 291 kb]   (1555 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Exercise
Received: 2011/07/5 | Accepted: 2011/10/2
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Fayaz E, Mohebbi H, Damirchi A. The Level of Physical Activity, Calcium Intake, Calcium Sources and Anthropometrical Variables in Young College Females . Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2011; 13 (6) :697-704
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1190-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 6 (9-2011) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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