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:: Editorial Board
:: About Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
:: Volume 24, Issue 3 (9-2022) ::
2022, 24(3): 156-166 Back to browse issues page
Relationship between the Consumption of Refined and Whole Grains and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome Components in Adults: The Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study
M Navvab , S Hosseinpour-Niazi , P Mirmiran , J Mirzay Razaz , F Azizi
Nutrition and Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , s.hossainpour@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (558 Views)
Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the consumption of refined and whole grains and the risk of the metabolic syndrome in adults. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study, the consumption of whole and refined grains was assessed in 1452 subjects who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire. Metabolic syndrome components were defined based on the Adult Treatment Panel criteria. The Cox regression model was used to investigate the relationship between the consumption of various types of cereals and the components of the metabolic syndrome. Results: The median of whole grains consumption was 121.7 g per day, and the average consumption of refined grains was 202.2 g per day. Refined grains have a significant and positive association with increased serum triglycerides (risk ratio [RR], 1.03; CI, 1.31-2.18), and abdominal obesity (RR, 1.33; CI, 1.02-1.75) blood pressure (RR, 1.33; CI, 1.01-1.75), and reduction of high-density lipoprotein (HDL; RR, 1.52; CI, 1.25-1.84) after adjustment for confounders. The consumption of whole grains had no relationship with the components of the metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: Reducing the consumption of refined grains can prevent the occurrence of metabolic syndrome components.
 
Keywords: Whole grains, Refined grains, Metabolic syndrome components
Full-Text [PDF 928 kb]   (412 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2022/11/28 | Accepted: 2023/01/8 | Published: 2022/09/1
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Navvab M, Hosseinpour-Niazi S, Mirmiran P, Mirzay Razaz J, Azizi F. Relationship between the Consumption of Refined and Whole Grains and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome Components in Adults: The Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2022; 24 (3) :156-166
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-3040-en.html


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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 24, Issue 3 (9-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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