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:: Volume 22, Issue 6 (3-2021) ::
2021, 22(6): 506-520 Back to browse issues page
Illegal Drugs in the Composition of Non-standard Herbal Products: A Review Article
Marjan Khazan , Mehdi Hedayati
Cellular and Molecular Endocrine Research Center (CMERC), Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. Iran, , hedayati47@gmail.com
Abstract:   (225 Views)
Obesity, a chronic disease, is associated with comorbidities such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, and stroke. In this context, the consumption of natural weight-loss ingredients as alternative obesity treatments has been increasing because of the common idea indicating that they as natural products pose no risks to human health. (Simultaneously with the widespread prevalence of obesity; the use of herbal slimming products as an alternative treatment for obesity has increased. Because, the general belief is that plant products are safe for human health.) The analyses (analysis) of phytotherapeutic formulations showed increasing numbers of counterfeit drugs, as adulterants, withdrawn from the market due to significant side-effects and a high potential for addiction threatening public health. Because the drugs used in the products are not listed on the labels, consumers do not become aware of the risks. (Because the active ingredients in these products are not listed on the label, consumers remain unaware of their risks and side effects.) These products can cause serious health side-effects due to accidental abuse, overuse, or interaction with other drugs. The illegally added adulterants are commonly including stimulants (ephedrine, caffeine), anorexic (amphe­tamine and its analogs), antidepressants (sibutramine, fluoxetine), anxiolytics (benzodiazepines), diuretics (bumetanide), laxatives (phenolphthalein), rimonabant, orlistat, and thyroid hormones. This review study aimed to describe various categories of synthetic drugs frequently added illegally into natural weight loss products as adulterants,
Keywords: Drug Adulterated, Illegal anti-obesity medicine, Herbal weight-loss products, Slimming, Anti-obesity drugs, Weight loss
Full-Text [PDF 1794 kb]   (85 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: General
Received: 2021/01/9 | Accepted: 2021/08/3 | Published: 2021/03/17
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Khazan M, Hedayati M. Illegal Drugs in the Composition of Non-standard Herbal Products: A Review Article. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2021; 22 (6) :506-520
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2818-en.html


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Volume 22, Issue 6 (3-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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