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:: Volume 21, Issue 3 (11-2019) ::
2019, 21(3): 145-152 Back to browse issues page
Self-Care Behaviors’ Glycemic Control and its Related Factors in Type II Diabetes Women Patients
Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Farideh Azami , Farzad Jalilian , Alireza Hidarnia
Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, I.R. Iran , hidarnia@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3435 Views)
Introduction: Diabetes is the most common metabolic disorder and can have devastating complications. The objective of this study was to determine self-care behaviors for glycemic control and its related factors in type II diabetes women patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study, conducted in 2016 on a randomly selected sample of 120 women volunteers, aged over 30 years, referred to hospital in Javanrud, Kermanshah. Participant’s responses to a KAP questionnaire including the KAP (Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice) constructs and socio-demographics determinants during interviews. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using correlations, t student and linear regression. A level of 0.05 was considered signicant for all tests. Results: Age range of participants was 32 to 69 years (mean 48.8±8.02 years). There was a significant and inverse correlation between increased age of participants and knowledge (r=-0.289 & P=0.002). Increasing the level of education significantly increased the participants' knowledge (P=0.011) and behavior (P=0.004). Knowledge and attitude constructs explained 11% of the self-care behaviors for diabetes control by paying attention to diet and physical activity, respectively. Conclusion: Results underscore the need to emphasize raising knowledge of diabetic patients on changes in diet and physical activity behaviors, for facilitating glycemic control.

Keywords: Self-Care, Glycemic, Type II Diabetes, Women, Knowledge, Attitude
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2018/12/25 | Accepted: 2019/09/2 | Published: 2019/11/1
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Mirzaei-Alavijeh M, Azami F, Jalilian F, Hidarnia A. Self-Care Behaviors’ Glycemic Control and its Related Factors in Type II Diabetes Women Patients. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2019; 21 (3) :145-152
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2510-en.html

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Volume 21, Issue 3 (11-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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