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:: Editorial Board
:: About Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (7-2012) ::
2012, 14(2): 117-126 Back to browse issues page
Occurrence of Metabolic Syndrome and Components in Postmenopausal Women with Natural or Surgical Menopause
Maryam Farahmand , Fahimeh Ramezani tehrani , Yadolah Mehrabi , Fereidoun Azizi
Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (10742 Views)

Introduction: Production of female sex hormones by the ovaries ceases gradually after natural menopause and abruptly following surgical menopause. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of menopause on the metabolic syndrome, serum lipids, blood sugar and blood pressure. Materials and Methods: Study subjects were selected from among 5191 women, aged 20-60 years, who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. For our study 375 natural menopause and 71 surgical menopause were followed for 9 years. Data were collected using questionnaires. Results: Changes in metabolic and biochemical profiles of these two groups of women during follow-up were compared with each other. In this study metabolic syndrome was diagnosed in 28.7% women after natural menopause and in 32.5%, following surgical menopause. Average systolic blood pressure in the naturally menopause was higher than in surgically menopause women, adjusted for variable pre-menopausal, BMI and age, which was statistically significant. Average blood sugar in surgically menopause was higher than in naturally menopausal females, and was statistically significant. Conclusion: Compared with the naturally menopausal, women it seems that those who become menopausal following surgery have more a higher incidence of metabolic disorders, indicating that such disturbances should be considered before any surgery resulting in the loss of ovaries.


Keywords: Natural menopause, Surgical menopause, Metabolic syndrome
Full-Text [PDF 317 kb]   (2787 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Gynecology
Received: 2011/12/10 | Accepted: 2012/01/3 | Published: 2012/07/15
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farahmand M, ramezani tehrani F, mehrabi Y, azizi F. Occurrence of Metabolic Syndrome and Components in Postmenopausal Women with Natural or Surgical Menopause. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2012; 14 (2) :117-126
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1311-en.html

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 14, Issue 2 (7-2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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