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:: Volume 12, Issue 5 (2-2011) ::
2011, 12(5): 505-512 Back to browse issues page
Relationship Between Infant Nutrition Feeding and Childhood Obesity in First Grade Tehranian Students of Primary Schools, 2009
M Vafa Dr , Afshari Sh, N Moslehi, A Salehpoor, F Hosaini, M Goharinezhad, M Zarif yeganeh, Sh Hosaini
, rezavafa@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (40512 Views)

Abstract

Introduction: Since the prevalence and severity of childhood obesity is increasing, understanding the effective factors for prevention of this disorder is important. Material and Methods: A total of 513 students of both sexes in the first year of primary schools, were recruited in this cross-sectional study. They were chosen randomly from 19 regions (of the ministry of education) from Tehran city. Their weight and height were measured, and information on infant birth and feeding characteristics (birth order, birth weight, the type of feeding in infancy, the duration of exclusive breast feeding, the duration of breast feeding and formula feeding) activity levels, the timing of the introduction of complementary foods were obtained. Descriptive statistical methods such as frequency distribution table, c2 test and central and dispersion parameters were used to describe samples. Results: Eight percent of the children were overweight and 11.7% were obese. There was no significant relation between the type of feeding (breast or formula feeding) and children's BMI. The duration of breast feeding was not significantly associated with children's BMI,. Children's BMI had a negative linear association with the duration of exclusive breast feeding (r=-0.151, P=0.0001). The duration of formula feeding was associated with children's BMI (r=0.108, P=0.007). Children's BMI had an inverse linear relation with the time of introduction of complementary foods (r=-0.128, P=0.002). Conclusion: This study shows the importance of duration of breast feeding in reducing the risk of childhood obesity.

Keywords: Breast Feeding, Obesity, Infant Nutrition, Childhood
Full-Text [PDF 295 kb]   (2352 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2010/06/1
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Vafa M, Afshari, Moslehi N, Salehpoor A, Hosaini F, Goharinezhad M, et al . Relationship Between Infant Nutrition Feeding and Childhood Obesity in First Grade Tehranian Students of Primary Schools, 2009. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2011; 12 (5) :505-512
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-968-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 5 (2-2011) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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