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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2006) ::
2006, 8(3): 289-294 Back to browse issues page
Efficacy and safety of oral versus intravenous vitamin C in hemodialysis patients with functional iron deficiency
Z Kashi, F Espahbodi , S Aala, N Hendoi
, ftespahbodi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (19850 Views)
Introduction: Hemodialysis patients (HD) with functional iron deficiency(FID) often develop resistance to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo). Recent studies suggest that intravenous ascorbic acid (IVAA) may circumvent rHuEpo resistance, while oral (AA) is readily attainable. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of oral versus intravenous vitamin C on FID and whether this can improve anemia in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: In this study, 31 hemodialysis patients with serum ferritin >100 µg/L, transferin saturation (TS)<30% and Hb <11g/dL were selected and randomly divided into the oral and IV groups. The IVAA group received vitamin C 1.5 g, administered weekly and the oral group, 125 mg vitamin C daily for two months. Hb, ferritin, serum iron, Tsat and serum oxalate were measured at the beginning of the study and 2 months later. Independent – sample T-Test were used for intergroup comparison. P value <0/05 was considered significant. Results: Mean Hb difference was 1.1±0.7g/dL in the oral and 0.1±1g/dL in the IVAA group, being significantly higher in the oral group (p=0.02). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the delta means of ferritin & Tsat (p=0.5,p=0.3). Delta means of serum oxalate in the 2 groups were 0.05±0.4mg/L, and 0.1± 0.3mg/L respectively, difference not significant(p=0.3). Conclusion: Oral AA significantly increased Hb in HD patients suffering from FID. Considering the feasibility and cost-effectiveness, clinicians could consider oral instead IVAA in rHuEpo hyporesponsive patients undergoing HD.
Keywords: Anemia, Functional iron deficiency, Oral IV vitamin c, Hyperoxalatemia
Full-Text [PDF 342 kb]   (2283 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2007/02/13 | Published: 2006/12/15
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Kashi Z, Espahbodi F, Aala S, Hendoi N. Efficacy and safety of oral versus intravenous vitamin C in hemodialysis patients with functional iron deficiency. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2006; 8 (3) :289-294
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-341-en.html

Volume 8, Issue 3 (12-2006) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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