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:: Volume 16, Issue 6 (3-2015) ::
2015, 16(6): 419-424 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Glycemic Control Indicators in Patients with Type II Diabetes in Two Alexithymiac and Non-alexithymia Groups
Zeinab Shayeghian, Paris Amiri, Maria Aguilar-Vafaie, Mahmoud Parvin, Kobra Roohi Gilani, Fatemeh Talebian Taheri, Fahimehsadat Shojae
Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences , amiri@endocrine.ac.ir
Abstract:   (7791 Views)

Introduction: Diabetes is a multi-factorial chronic disease that has no absolute cure and requires continuous self-care. Emotional disorders such as alexithymia have been considered as one of the major barriers to self-care behaviors in diabetes control. This study aimed to compare glycemic control indicators in patients with type II diabetes in two alexithymic and non-alexithymic groups. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a study sample of 80 (47 females and 33 males, aged 40 to 60 years) type 2 diabetic out-patients who referred to clinics of the Labbafinejad hospital in 2012. Data collected, using 3 questionnaires included information on demographic, anthropometric and clinical characteristics, a summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, and the Toronto Alexithymia Scales. Blood tests were performed to obtain HbA1c. Results: Pearson's correlation coefficients showed alexithymia has a significant negative assoc­iation with self-care activities (-0.49) and a significant positive association with HbA1c levels (0.44). Results of t-test indicated that self-care activities in alexithymic group were significantly lesser than the non-alexithymic one and their glycated haemoglobin was higher than this group. Conclusion: Alexithymia in patients with type II diabetes limits their ability in their self-care activities, resulting in higher levels of glycated haemoglobin in these patients, compared to the non-alexithymic group, results which could initiate related research on potential emotional problems in patients with type 2 diabetes and enhance their diabetes control.

Keywords: Glycemic Control Indicators, Type 2 diabetes, Alexithymia
Full-Text [PDF 309 kb]   (1961 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2014/08/4 | Accepted: 2014/12/3 | Published: 2015/03/16
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Shayeghian Z, Amiri P, Aguilar-Vafaie M, Parvin M, Roohi Gilani K, Talebian Taheri F et al . Comparison of Glycemic Control Indicators in Patients with Type II Diabetes in Two Alexithymiac and Non-alexithymia Groups. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2015; 16 (6) :419-424
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1777-en.html

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Volume 16, Issue 6 (3-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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