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:: Volume 16, Issue 6 (3-2015) ::
2015, 16(6): 393-401 Back to browse issues page
Self-care Behaviors and Related Factors in Women with Type 2 Diabetes
Zahra Baji, Fereshteh Zamani alavijeh, Sedighe Nouhjah, Mohammad Hossein Haghighizadeh
Ahvaz Jundishapur Medical Sciences University , f_zamani@ajums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (10747 Views)

Introduction: To prevent diabetes complications and improve the quality of life of these patients, adherence to self-care is essential. The purpose of present study was to examine self-care behaviors and related factors in women with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: This descriptive analytic cross sectional study was performed on 140 female patients with type 2 diabetes who referred to the diabetes clinic in Ahvaz between December-March 2014. Research data were collected through interviews using demographic and disease characteristics question­nnaires and the summary of diabetes self-care activities measure. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire was assessed and approved. The range of self-care scale was 0-77. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients tests, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and multiple linear regression models. Results: The mean score of self-care behaviors in patients was 11.55±30.93, indicating moderate self-care. The highest mean scores were those of diet, 16.28±5.38 and proper medication compliance 5.74±2.57, while blood sugar monitoring 1.89±3.38 and physical activity 2.24±3.09 showed the lowest scores. The score of self-care behaviors showed a statistically significant difference among levels of education, duration of disease, life network, level of fasting blood glucose and mode of physician referral (P<0.05). These significant variables, except fasting blood glucose explained 23% of self-care variance. Conclusion: The findings of this study could be useful for designing and implementation of educational programs to promote self-care behaviors and more effective control of type 2 diabetes in women.

Keywords: Self-care, Type 2 diabetes, Women, Ahvaz
Full-Text [PDF 336 kb]   (3250 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2014/07/26 | Accepted: 2014/12/27 | Published: 2015/03/16
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baji Z, Zamani alavijeh F, Nouhjah S, haghighizadeh M H. Self-care Behaviors and Related Factors in Women with Type 2 Diabetes. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2015; 16 (6) :393-401
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1772-en.html

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Volume 16, Issue 6 (3-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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