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:: Editorial Board
:: About Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
:: Volume 23, Issue 4 (11-2021) ::
2021, 23(4): 274-292 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship Between Air Pollution and Gestational Diabetes Incidence: A Systematic Review
S Nazarpour , F Ramezani Tehrani
Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. Iran. , fah.tehrani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1146 Views)
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications occurring during pregnancy. This disorder is associated with adverse outcomes for mothers and their infants. Air pollution is one of the environmental stimuli that may predispose pregnant women to GDM. This systematic review examined studies on the relationship between air pollution and GDM incidence. Materials and Methods: In this systematic review, the PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus databases, as well as Persian databases of SID, Irandoc, and Magiran, were searched for related English and Persian articles using appropriate keywords until September 11, 2021. Out of 36175 related articles in the initial search, 31 eligible studies were evaluated. The quality of the articles was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Results: The review included 29 cohort studies, a case-control study, and a cross-sectional study. The quality assessment results showed that of the 31 studies selected, 29 (93.5%) were high quality studies, and only two (6.5%) were moderate quality studies. PM2.5 pollutants followed by NO2 pollutants were the most examined in the studies. Conclusion: The results showed a direct relationship between air pollutants and GDM. The systematic review of the studies revealed that inflammation, oxidative stress, β-cell dysfunction, neurological, hormonal imbalance, intestinal microbiota imbalance, and insulin resistance may be involved in the association between air pollution and GDM.
Keywords: Gestational diabetes, Air pollution, Air pollutants, Insulin resistance, Nitrogen dioxide, Particulate matter
Full-Text [PDF 1112 kb]   (599 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2022/02/2 | Accepted: 2022/05/11 | Published: 2021/11/1
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Nazarpour S, Ramezani Tehrani F. The Relationship Between Air Pollution and Gestational Diabetes Incidence: A Systematic Review. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism 2021; 23 (4) :274-292
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-2942-en.html

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 23, Issue 4 (11-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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