:: Volume 22, Issue 6 (3-2021) ::
2021, 22(6): 490-498 Back to browse issues page
The Efficacy of Hypertension Self-Management Behaviors Promotin Program: An Application of Theory of Planned Behavior
Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh , Farzad Jalilian , Masoumeh Vaezi , Sayed Hamid Mousavi , Mohhamad Fatahi , Mohammad Mahboubi
Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, I.R. Iran , mm59m1393@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1812 Views)
Introduction: Hypertension is a significant public health problem. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of hypertension self-management behaviors promotion programs among patients in southwest Iran. Materials and Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study performed among patients with hypertension in the villages of Shadegan County, in southwest Iran, from May to October, 2019. The participants were randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups (n=355 per group) and were followed up for three months. The educational intervention was developed based on the constructs of the theory of planned behavior. Data were collected using interviews with participants in the form of a written questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed in SPSS software version 16 using independent sample t-test, chi-squared test, and Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA). Results: The findings of MANCOVA analysis showed that the program implementation had a significant effect on attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavior control, behavioral intention, and hypertension self-management behaviors of the patients in the intervention group (p<0.001). Conclusion: The implementation of an educational intervention based on the theory of planned behavior among patients with hypertension effectively promoted self-management behaviors such as hypertension control.
Keywords: Hypertension, Self-management, Education, Theory of Planned Behavior
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Cardiology
Received: 2020/12/13 | Accepted: 2021/09/11 | Published: 2021/03/17

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Volume 22, Issue 6 (3-2021) Back to browse issues page