:: Volume 15, Issue 1 (6-2013) ::
2013, 15(1): 33-40 Back to browse issues page
Application of Quantile Regression Model in Assessment of Urine Iodine Related Factors in Tehran Population
Elahe Biganeh , Yadollah Mehrabi , Parvin Mirmiran , Aliakbar Khadem maboudi , Pantea Nazeri
, ymehrabi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (9925 Views)
Introduction: Quantile regression can be applied to model skewed variables, especially, when the objective is to model the tails of a response variable with highly skewed distribution. The aim of this study is to apply quantile regression to analyze urine iodine data and related factors in a Tehranian population. Materials and Methods: Data was collected in a cross-sectional study, in which 639 subjects, aged 19 years and over, were enrolled through randomized cluster sampling in Tehran between 2008-9. Due to the high skewness of 24hr urinary iodine concentrations (UIC24) and to evaluate its extreme points, two linear quantile regression models were fitted. In model I, UIC24 was regressed on iodine content of salt and daily salt intake. These variables were replaced by iodine intake in model II, both models were adjusted by age. Model coefficients were estimated using the linear programming method and simplex algorithm. Significancy of the variables were evaluated by the bootstrap method. The Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to assess the fitting of the models. All analyses were performed using R software version 2.12.2. Results: Model I showed an increase in coefficients of iodine content of salt, daily salt intake, but a decrease in age coefficient in the length of the urinary iodine concentration percentiles. Model II showed similar results, but better fit (smaller AIC) in percentiles lower than median. Conclusion: Compared to ordinary regression, quantile regression models showed better fit, and a more complete picture and are recommended for modeling all parts of UIC24.
Keywords: Quantile regression, Urine iodine, Extreme points, Iodine intake
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2012/07/19 | Accepted: 2013/05/22 | Published: 2013/05/22

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Volume 15, Issue 1 (6-2013) Back to browse issues page