:: Volume 13, Issue 1 (5-2011) ::
2011, 13(1): 9-17 Back to browse issues page
The Association of Nutrition Style through the First 2 Years of Life with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Some of the Other Effective Factors in 2-15 Years Old Children
Samira Rabiei
, samirarabiei@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (14707 Views)


Introduction: According to some studies, sufficient breastfeeding may prevent β-cell infection and type 1 diabetes mellitus. This case-control study was designed to assess the relation between type 1 diabetes mellitus and nutrition patterns in the first 2 years of life and some demographic factors. Materials and Methods: One hundred children, from the Iranian Diabetes Association with type 1 diabetes, and 200 non-diabetic children from primary and guidance school from district 3,4 and 7 of Tehran, were assessed according to the easy sampling method. The data required were gathered using a demographic and nutritional questionnaire completed by the childs' mother. For determining of the adjusted odds ratio, logistic regression was used. Results: The percent of children who were exclusively breastfed, for less than 4 months, were higher in cases than controls, statistically significant (OR=5.60, P=0.008). There were significantly more mothers, whose weight gain during pregnancy was lower than mean weight gain (10.75kg), in the control group, (OR=0.52, P=0.04). Similar numbers of children consumed cow’s milk before age 1, in both the diabetic and non diabetic groups. Conclusion: According to our findings, exclusively breastfeeding for at least 4 months and lower maternal weight gain during pregnancy prevent type 1 diabetes mellitus, whereas early introduction of weaning food, consumption of cow’s milk and higher birth weight play no role in the development of type 1 diabetes. 


Keywords: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Breastfeeding, Maternal Weight Gain
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2010/08/24 | Accepted: 2014/05/24 | Published: 2014/05/24

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Volume 13, Issue 1 (5-2011) Back to browse issues page