:: Volume 22, Issue 5 (1-2021) ::
2021, 22(5): 448-448 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Gestational Diabetes and Subclinical Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy: A Narrative Study
Sima Nazarpour , Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani
Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R.Iran. , fah.tehrani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2512 Views)
Introduction: Thyroid disorders and gestational diabetes are the most common endocrine disorders during pregnancy. Given the important role of thyroid hormones in glucose metabolism and homeostasis, it seems that thyroid disorders can have significant effects on glucose metabolism and insulin secretion and may contribute to gestational diabetes. This review aimed to investigate the association between gestational diabetes and subclinical hypothyroidism in pregnancy. Results: The results of previous studies on the relationship between hypothyroidism and gestational diabetes are inconsistent. Evidence suggests an association between thyroid autoimmune disorders and gestational diabetes. Conclusions: Considering the differences in race, geographic region, genetic factors, environmental factors, diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes, and the cut-off thresholds for thyroid function during pregnancy in different studies, it is not possible to confirm the association between gestational diabetes and hypothyroidism in pregnancy.
Keywords: Gestational diabetes, Subclinical hypothyroidism, Insulin resistance
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Endocrinology
Received: 2020/08/16 | Accepted: 2020/11/29 | Published: 2021/01/29

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Volume 22, Issue 5 (1-2021) Back to browse issues page