:: Volume 19, Issue 5 (1-2018) ::
2018, 19(5): 370-383 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Adiponectin in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Preeclampsia and Obesity during pregnancy: A Systematic Review
Seyyede Razieh Fazeli Daryasari Ms, Fatemeh Razavinia Ms, Fatemeh Tork Tatari Ms, Fattaneh Pahlevan Ms, Najmeh Tehranian Doctor
Tarbiat Modares University , Tehranian@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3141 Views)

Introduction: Adipokines are hormones secreted from adipose tissue in response to extracellular stimuli and changes in metabolism. These hormones are involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis, lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Adiponectin is one of these adipokines that has anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the role of adiponectin in gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia and obesity during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: To conduct this research, a systematic of descriptive _observational studies by review was conducted searching databases, i.e PubMed, Iran Medex, SID, Google Scholar, between January 2000-February 2017, using the related keywords.The quality of the extracted articles was evaluated based on the STORBE checklist of contents and finally 20 articles were analyzed. Results: Adiponectin levels early in pregnancy increased, and with increasing insulin resistance during pregnancy, these levels gradually declined in maternal circulation and adipose tissue. Decreased adiponectin concentrations were also observed in obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus and can exacerbate insulin resistance, although levels of this hormone appears to increase in preeclampsia. Conclusion: These results indicate that reducing adiponectin levels is possibly involved in insulin resistance during pregnancy, obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus and the increase in levels of this hormone in preeclampsia is probably a physiological response to improving vascular function and insulin sensitivity.

Keywords: Adiponectin, Pregnancy, Gestational diabetes mellitus, Preeclampsia, Obesity
Full-Text [PDF 417 kb]   (745 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Gynecology
Received: 2017/03/12 | Accepted: 2017/07/18 | Published: 2018/01/23


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Volume 19, Issue 5 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page