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:: Volume 16, Issue 3 (9-2014) ::
2014, 16(3): 165-174 Back to browse issues page
Relationship of Conicity Index, Waist Circumference, Body Mass Index and Physical Activity with Lipid Profile in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Masoumeh Rafiee, Gity Sotoudeh, Mahmoud Jalali, Mohammadreza Eshraghian, Marjan Ghane basiri, Ronak Nikbazm, Fatemeh Javadi, Neda Noorshahi, Fariba Koohdani Dr
School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , fkoohdan@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5788 Views)
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the main causes of death in diabetic patients and lipid disorders are among the main risk factors for these diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship of Conicity index (CI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and physical activity (PA) with lipid levels and to determine the best anthropometric measurement predictor of lipid profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 700 patients with type 2 diabetes. Measurements including weight, height, WC, BMI, CI and PA were obtained for each subject and fasting serum triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) were documended. Results: Overall, 97% of men and 95% women had abnormal CI. About 84.5% of participants had BMI over 25 (kg/m2). In addition, 55.3% of men and 88.5% of women had abdominal obesity based on WC. There was significant increases in TG, TC and LDL-C and reduction of HDL-C with increasing CI quartiles. BMI showed significant and positive correlation to LDL-C. The correlation between WC and TG and LDL/HDL were also significant. PA showed a positive and significant correlation to HDL-C and negative correlation to BMI, WC, CI, and LDL / HDL in all subjects. Conclusions: CI, BMI, WC and PA have significant correlations to blood lipid disorders in type 2 diabetic patients and can be used in screening and predicting the risk of lipid disorders in type 2 diabetic patients. None of the measurements however showed a stronger relationship to these disorders in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Keywords: Obesity, Conicity Index, Dyslepidemia, Type 2 Diabetes
Full-Text [PDF 379 kb]   (1401 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2013/12/15 | Accepted: 2014/05/24 | Published: 2014/09/7
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Rafiee M, Sotoudeh G, Jalali M, Eshraghian M, Ghane basiri M, nikbazm R, et al . Relationship of Conicity Index, Waist Circumference, Body Mass Index and Physical Activity with Lipid Profile in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2014; 16 (3) :165-174
URL: http://ijem.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-1650-en.html


Volume 16, Issue 3 (9-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله ی غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم ایران، دو ماهنامه  پژوهشی مرکز تحقیقات غدد درون‌ریز و متابولیسم، Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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